Why is it important to end world hunger

What we're doing to help end global hungerShare on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare by emailOctober 11, 2018Food is central to human well-being: it provides the body

Why is it important to end world hunger

What we're doing to help end global hunger

People and children sitting together in South Sudan
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Food is central to human well-being: it provides the body with nourishment, offers livelihoods that lift people out of poverty, and brings communities together. Although food is a basic human need, too many people are trapped in a cycle of hunger by forces beyond their immediate control, like poverty, disaster, conflict and inequality.

Despite decades of progress in reducingworld hunger, 2017 saw increases in the number of people who are hungry.More than 820 million people still go to bed hungry every night thats one in every nine people who dont have the food they need to live a healthy, productive life.

The World Health Organization considers this to be the single greatest threat to global health. Hunger is cyclical and generational: it inhibits peoples ability to work and learn to their fullest potential, which can curb their future and trap them and their families in more poverty  and more hunger.

The cycle of hunger

Mercy Corps takes a multi-pronged approach to helping end world hunger, including implementing programs that tackle the multiple drivers of food security, while also engaging in policy discussions that influence our programs. Learn about this work and what is being done to stop world hunger below.

Global hunger today

Douaa, 10, stands inside her fathers greenhouse in Syria. Here and around the world, the threat of hunger is a daily reality. Scroll through the images above and read below to learn more about global hunger and what can be done to end it. PHOTO: Ezra Millstein/Mercy Corps
Iman and her 6-year-old daughter, Israa, are Syrian refugees in Lebanon, where resources to support the refugee population are scarce. Through Mercy Corps' livelihood program in her community, Iman earned income to help them cover their basic needs. PHOTO: Ezra Millstein/Mercy Corps
Julio lives in an area of Guatemala vulnerable to hunger and malnutrition. He struggled to provide for his family until Mercy Corps helped him turn his small farm into a thriving business with training and more diverse crops. PHOTO: Laura Hajar for Mercy Corps (2015)
Families in South Sudan are enduring one of the world's worst food crises. Famine was declared in 2017, and without consistent humanitarian aid and access, another famine declaration in 2018 is likely. PHOTO: Jennifer Huxta for Mercy Corps
Herders in Mongolia, like Enkh, live in extremely isolated areas that are cut off from resources that help them keep their animals healthy during harsh winter weather. We're working to help them grow more food and improve their herds' productivity, so they can feed their families year-round. PHOTO: Sean Sheridan for Mercy Corps
Having access to purchase and sell food is instrumental in fighting hunger. In Myanmar, we help farmers grow more bountiful and diverse crops then connect them to area markets, which boosts their individual incomes and benefits the nutrition of entire communities. PHOTO: Ezra Millstein/Mercy Corps
When people flee from conflict, they are often forced to leave their livelihoods and farms behind. In Nigeria, we've provided food vouchers so displaced people can purchase what they need to feed their families while they work to restore their lives. PHOTO: Tom Saater for Mercy Corps

Common causes of hunger

World hunger is caused by so much more than a shortage of food. Even in places where food is plentiful or can be grown, challenges like disasters, conflict or poverty prevent people from accessing it.

People in poverty generally spend between 60 and 80 percent of their income on food, which can force them to prioritize feeding their families over meeting other basic needs or reaching long-term goals, like sending their children to school. If an emergency strikes, they may need to skip meals in order to cope financially  and the cycle of hunger continues.

According to the Food Security Information Network, conflict and insecurity were primary drivers of food insecurity in 2017, alone accountable for putting 74 million people in need of urgent assistance.Climate changeis also eroding existing efforts to improve food security.

Hunger can also stem from inadequate food systems, like a lack of road infrastructure to connect people to markets, or poor storage facilities, through which food gets wasted and never reaches those who need it.

Woman with goats in a field

Extreme weather, like drought or flooding, can be devastating for pastoralists  like Ali in Ethiopia  who rely on regular rains to supply water and fodder for their herds. PHOTO: Sean Sheridan for Mercy Corps

Weather shocks, due in part toclimate change, are also increasingly driving hunger. Half the worlds poor grow their own food, and natural disasters like droughts and floods frequently wipe out vulnerable families entire food supply and income.

Read more: A hotter planet, a hungrier world

But even if all these obstacles to food access were removed, the world will still need to change its agriculture practices to meet the needs of its growing population.

Where in the world is hunger the worst?

Nearly all the worlds hungry  98 percent  live in developing regions. Over 500 million live in Asia and the Pacific, in countries likeAfghanistanandTimor-Leste, while 243 million live in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Food Security Information Network reports the worst food crises in 2017 were in northeastNigeria,Somalia,YemenandSouth Sudan, where famine was declared in two counties.

In 2018, the network expects conflict and insecurity to remain a primary driver of hunger, especially in countries including Afghanistan, theCentral African Republic,Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, South Sudan,Syria, Libya and Yemen, which is right now the worlds most dire food crisis.

Weather-related disasters, like drought, are also anticipated to be a major catalyst of hunger around the world in 2018  but the impact will likely be greatest in West Africa and the Sahel, in places likeEthiopia,Niger,Mali,Kenyaand Somalia.Stay connected to our work around the world.We will not share your data and you can unsubscribe at any time.Sign up for our emailsThank you for signing up!

What is being done to end world hunger?

Women in niger standing in front of a field

Women in Niger gather for Mercy Corps farm training, which helps them grow better, stronger crops to last them through the lean season they face every year. PHOTO: Sean Sheridan for Mercy Corps

Work humanitarian organizations are doing

We can only tackle world hunger effectively if we address what causes it in the first place. This means improving systems and behaviors that enable secure access, availability and use of food.

Fighting the drivers of hunger is key to Mercy Corps work with vulnerable communities in more than 40 countries:

  • Agriculture: Weconnect farmers to the people and resourcesthey need to increase production, feed their families and boost their incomes.
  • Sustainability: We help communitiesdevelop plans and skills to sustainably manage their resourcesto improve crop and livestock production.
  • Good Governance: Wework with local governments and communitiesto develop just and inclusive policies that make it easier for people to access the resources they need to thrive.
  • Womens Empowerment: Wepartner with women and girlsto build agency, and work to foster a cultural environment that supports womens independence and decision-making power to earn income and feed their families.
  • Health and Nutrition: Weprovide the resources, knowledge and skillsneeded to access and utilize clean water, employ hygienic practices and consume a diverse and nutritious diet.

Read more about our approach to building food security

During acute crises, we provide at-risk communities with lifesaving assistance and the tools to re-establish healthy bodies and prosperous livelihoods. We help people with food, livelihood tools, and cash donations when food supplies are low or unaffordable, such as when people are displaced by conflict or natural disasters.

We also work with governments, multilateral institutions and other key stakeholders to support funding programs and implementing policies that help stop global hunger and malnutrition and improve the lives of millions around the world.

Legislation and help from the government

Hands full of grain

Our collaboration with partner organizations and the government is vital to securing long-term access to food and a strong future for everyone. PHOTO: Ezra Millstein/Mercy Corps

After decades of underinvestment, countries like the U.S. have begun to reinvest in programs to fight global hunger. The effort has built momentum over the years, culminating in 2015 when the global community came together to commit to pursuing the Sustainable Development Goals, with ending hunger as a top priority.

Private companies, NGOs, universities and academic institutions joined national governments with new agriculture and nutrition investments in response. In the United States, these new partnerships led to the Feed the Future Initiative, an anti-hunger response that has achieved impressive results: 9 million people lifted out of poverty, 1.6 million households free from hunger, and 1.8 million children properly nourished.

The passage of the bipartisan Global Food Security Act made this effort into law in 2016 and led to a new Global Food Security Strategy that built on the successes of Feed the Future.

This year, 2018, two major policy opportunities in the United States exist to continue the fight against global hunger:

  • The Global Food Security Reauthorization Act: Mercy Corps worked closely with private sector partners, other NGOs, academic and research institutions, the faith community and Members of Congress to help pass H.R. 5129 and S. 2269. This bill ensures the Global Food Security Acts improvements to the Global Food Security Strategy and the Feed the Future Initiative will continue beyond 2018.
  • The Farm Bill: While this is largely a bill that focuses on domestic policy, one section of it reauthorizes the Food for Peace program that provides international food assistance. This bill provides an opportunity to continue to make this program more efficient and effective. Mercy Corps is working to ensure components that allow flexible interventions stay in place while advancing other reforms that will improve Food for Peace non-emergency programs. Those programs arevital to helping communities build resilience to shocks that make them vulnerable to hunger, like conflict and natural disasters.Help us to provide emergency relief for families facing hunger and others in crisis around the world.Donate todayAsk your family and friends to contribute to our efforts to help people beat hunger and build better lives.Start a campaign
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